In the present study, hitherto unnoticed details of the data are presented, Shroud data and more modern reference data are compared, and the results of a few experiments with linen, madder dye and blood are shown. It turns out that the Shroud’s ‘anomalous’ data are strong consistent evidence that its bloodstains contain acid heme-madder lake, of which the heme derived from cold acid postmortem blood and the madder had been applied to the Shroud at manufacture. (2012) Optical and Chemical Characteristics of the Mineral Particles Found on the Face of the Turin Shroud. (2013) Detection and Analysis of Protofibrils and Fibrils of Hemoglobin: Implications for the Pathogenesis and Cure of Heme Loss Related Maladies. (2005) The Interaction of Hemoglobin with Hexadecyltrimethylammonium Bromide. (2012) Role of Globin Moiety in the Chemical Structure of Curing Pigment. https:// h_red_before_image_formation_-_Jesus_was_dead Velapoldi, R. (2014) Authentic Acid Blood Mordanted the Madder-Dyed Shroud of Turin Pinkish Red before Image Formation—Jesus Was Dead. Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal, 14, 81-103. In: Meacham, W., Ed., Turin Shroud—Image of Christ?
(1990) The Shroud of Turin: Blood or Artist’s Pigment? G., Eds., Forensic Medicine: A Study in Trauma and Environmental Hazards, Saunders, Philadelphia, 1033-1060. (1983) Blood on the Shroud of Turin: Part II—The Impor- tance of Time in the Transfer of Blood Clots to Cloth as Distinctive Clot Images. I., Eds., The Shroud of Turin—Unraveling the Mystery, Alexander Books, Alexander, 166-181.
(2002) Chemical and Physical Aspects of the Sindonic Images.
(1981) Internal Potassium Balance and the Control of the Plasma Potassium Concentration.