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In 1937, the Peel Commission proposed a partition between a small Jewish state, whose Arab population would have to be transferred, and an Arab state to be attached to Jordan, the proposal was rejected outright by the Arabs.The two main Jewish leaders, Chaim Weizmann and David Ben-Gurion, had convinced the Zionist Congress to approve equivocally the Peel recommendations as a basis for more negotiation.Thirdly, the British responded to Arab opposition with the White Paper of 1939, which severely restricted Jewish land purchase and immigration.However, with the advent of World War II, even this reduced immigration quota was not reached, the White Paper policy also radicalised segments of the Jewish population, who after the war would no longer cooperate with the British.In November 1935, two of his men engaged in a firefight with a Palestine police patrol hunting fruit thieves and a policeman was killed.Following the incident, British police launched a manhunt and surrounded al-Qassam in a cave near Ya'bad; in the ensuing battle, al-Qassam was killed.

Huge crowds accompanied Qassam's body to his grave in Haifa.A few months later, in April 1936, the Arab national general strike broke out, the strike lasted until October 1936, instigated by the Arab Higher Committee, headed by Amin al-Husseini.During the summer of that year, thousands of Jewish-farmed acres and orchards were destroyed, Jewish civilians were attacked and killed, and some Jewish communities, such as those in Beisan and Acre, fled to safer areas. 80) The violence abated for about a year while the British sent the Peel Commission to investigate. 87–90) During the first stages of the Arab Revolt, due to rivalry between the clans of al-Husseini and Nashashibi among the Palestinian Arabs, Raghib Nashashibi was forced to flee to Egypt after several assassination attempts ordered by Amin al-Husseini.The British achieved legitimacy for their continued control by obtaining a mandate from the League of Nations in June 1922.