Arab, African and Oriental traders were involved in the capture and transport of slaves northward across the Sahara desert and the Indian Ocean region into the Middle East, Persia and the Far East.From the 7th century until around the 1960s, the Arab slave trade continued in one form or another.The working conditions were also considered to be extremely harsh and miserable. Shaban has argued that rebellion was not a slave revolt, but a revolt of blacks (zanj).Many other people were imported into the region, besides Zanj. In his opinion, although a few runaway slaves did join the revolt, the majority of the participants were Arabs and free Zanj.These traders captured Bantu peoples (Zanj) from the interior in present-day Kenya, Mozambique and Tanzania and brought them to the coast.Some historians assert that as many as 17 million people were sold into slavery on the coast of the Indian Ocean, the Middle East, and North Africa, and approximately 5 million African slaves were bought by Muslim slave traders and taken from Africa across the Red Sea, Indian Ocean, and Sahara desert between 15. This trade accelerated as superior ships led to more trade and greater demand for labour on plantations in the region.To meet the demand for menial labor, Bantu slaves bought by Arab slave traders from southeastern Africa were sold in cumulatively large numbers over the centuries to customers in Egypt, Arabia, the Persian Gulf, India, European colonies in the Far East, the Indian Ocean islands, Ethiopia and Somalia.The Zanj were for centuries shipped as slaves by Arab traders to all the countries bordering the Indian Ocean.
We take no responsibility for the content on any webpage which we link to, please use your own discretion while surfing the links.He further argues such use of the terms "Islamic trade" or "Islamic world" erroneously treats Africa as being outside Islam, or a negligible portion of the Islamic world.Male slaves were often forced to work as servants, soldiers, or laborers by their owners, while female slaves, including those from Africa, were long traded to the Middle Eastern countries and kingdoms by Arab and Oriental traders as concubines and servants.Historical accounts and references to slave-owning nobility in Arabia, Yemen and elsewhere are frequent into the early 1920s.