Consolidating districts in nd


In Michigan, state school-consolidation incentives can give merged districts a temporary increase over the total in state aid that the original districts would have received as separate entities.But this windfall is temporary, and it applies only when an original entity was receiving less than the state “foundation grant” and, relative to a district’s total budget, comprises only a small amount of revenue.Consolidation affects school finances in several ways—state aid, day-to-day operating funds, tax base, and millage Research finds mixed results about the overall financial effect of mergers.Some studies find that per student, consolidated schools have fewer teachers and administrative personnel.Michigan occupies the middle ground: It ranks 22nd nationally.However, as may be seen in Exhibit 2, Michigan still has a substantial proportion of districts serving fewer than 1,000 students, suggesting to some state lawmakers that reducing the number of district would improve efficiency.Most consolidations took place during the 1950s and 1960s, when many single-school, K–6, and other non-K–12 districts merged into K–12 districts.



This information will help school board members, administrators, parents, and other community members to determine whether merger should be seriously considered for their districts.The new district operates under a single name, administration, and school board.Board members are elected at large from the new district, they appoint a new superintendent, and a new labor contract is negotiated with the combined teachers and staffs.There may be savings from merging middle schools and high schools, which again means fewer administrators are needed. Salary equalization, whereby the teacher and staff salaries of one district are raised to be commensurate with those in the other district, almost always is necessary and usually is costly.

(It is possible, of course, to lower salaries in one district to the level of the other, but this is very difficult politically.) Although the jobs of some higher-level administrators (e.g., superintendent, principals, business manager) can be eliminated because the merged district is relatively large, some additional mid-level administrative staff (e.g., assistant superintendent, assistant principals) may be needed.

At the outset, consolidation can save money by eliminating duplicate positions and combining such support services as transportation and maintenance.