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It should be noted that the regime does not produce statistics on the status of women in the country on a regular basis.Men and women are generally treated as equals under Libyan legislation.

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However, in reality, women have not made many inroads into what is still essentially a male-dominated society, and they continue to suffer gender-based discrimination.This is largely associated with the fact that Libyan society remains extremely conservative, and patriarchal religious values and tribal cultures prevail.Moreover, despite the rhetoric of the regime, it has done little to try to overcome social and cultural hindrances to improving women's status.Population: 5,500,000 GDP Per Capita (PPP): $7,570 Economy: Mixed statist Ranking on UN HDI: 58 out of 177 Polity: Dictatorship Literacy: Male 91.8% / Female 70.7% Percent Women Economically Active: 25.6% Date of Women's Suffrage: 1964 Women's Fertility Rate: 3.7 Percent Urban/Rural: Urban 86% / Rural 14% Nondiscrimination and Access to Justice: 2.3 Autonomy, Security, and Freedom of the Person: 2.1 Economic Rights and Equal Opportunity: 2.3 Political Rights and Civic Voice: 1.2 Social and Cultural Rights: 1.8 (Scale of 1 to 5: 1 represents the lowest and 5 the highest level of freedom women have to exercise their rights) Libya gained independence in 1951 and was ruled by King Idris until Colonel Muammar al-Qadhafi took power in a bloodless coup in September 1969. In the 1970s, Qadhafi developed what he termed the Jamahiriyah (State of the Masses), which was based on his political, economic, and sociological ideas as laid out in his famous Green Book.

The Jamahiriyah is a unique form of popular Arab socialism that in theory enables every citizen to participate in the political process through a complex hierarchy of people's committees and congresses.

Women have the right to full and equal status as citizens and enjoy the same rights as men regarding the right to acquire, change or retain their nationality, or replace it with another nationality.