Moreover, the emotional consequences of the violence are more harmful for females than for males.Further research is needed to enhance our understanding of adolescent dating violence including the nature of conflicts, as well as the meaning, context, intent, and consequences of the violence and the role of gender.According to the Office on Violence Against Women at the U. Department of Justice, violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim is dating violence. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors: How Does Teen Dating Violence Affect Our Schools? Given that many of these prevention programs have only been short-term interventions, the results are particularly encouraging and demonstrate a potential to impact public health.Especially encouraging is a program demonstrating long-term behavioral change.Further, many adolescents have difficulty recognizing physical and sexual abuse as such and may perceive controlling and jealous behaviors as signs of love (Levy, 1990).This article provides a critical review of the research literature with respect to risk factors for both perpetrators and victims of dating violence and examines the research on the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs.
Fundamental problems exist, however, in asserting gender parity regarding relationship violence.Teen boys are far more likely to initiate violence and teen girls are more likely to be violent in a case of self-defense. Bureau of Justice statistics reports that over 90% of the reported incidents of assaults in FACT: Teen dating violence can be very dangerous – sometimes lethal.Males are more likely to report they use violence to intimidate, cause fear, or force their girlfriends into doing something. Results of teen dating violence and sexual assault include serious physical harm, emotional damage, sexually transmitted disease, unwanted pregnancy, and death.FACT: Teen dating violence is as common as domestic violence in adult relationships.
A 2001 study of high school students conducted by Harvard University found that 1 in 5 teenage girls had been physically or sexually abused by a dating partner FACT: Research shows that teen girls are not as likely to be as abusive as teen boys.
A number of school based programs focusing on reducing violence in teen dating relationships and promoting healthy respectful relationships show promising results.