This would involve the tactics of brainwashing, which can fall under psychological abuse as well, but emotional abuse consists of the manipulation of the victim's emotions.The victim may feel their emotions are being affected by the abuser so much that the victim may no longer recognize what their own feelings are about issue/s the abuser is trying to control. Department of Justice defines emotionally abusive traits as including causing fear by: intimidation, threatening physical harm to self, partner, children, or partner's family or friends, destruction of pets and property, forcing isolation from family, friends, or school or work.The result is the victim's self-concept and independence are systematically taken away. Subtler emotionally abusive tactics include insults, putdowns, arbitrary and unpredictable inconsistency, and gaslighting (e.g.the denial that previous abusive incidents occurred).Abusers can be very manipulative, often recruiting friends, law officers and court officials, and even the victim's family to their side, while shifting blame to the victim.Most victims of psychological abuse within intimate relationships often experience changes to their psyche and actions.Withholding includes refusing to listen, refusing to communicate, and emotionally withdrawing as punishment.” Even though there is no established definition for emotional abuse, emotional abuse can possess a definition beyond verbal and psychological abuse.Blaming, shaming, and name calling are a few identifiers of verbal abuse which can affect a victim emotionally.
Some parents may emotionally and psychologically harm their children because of stress, poor parenting skills, social isolation, and lack of available resources or inappropriate expectations of their children.Of 1288 cases in 2002–2004, 1201 individuals, 42 couples, and 45 groups were found to have been abused. Psychological abuse (59%) and material/financial (42%) were the most frequently identified types of abuse."Younger age may be a reflection of lack of job experience, resulting in [an inability] to identify or prevent potentially abusive situations...It may be intentional or subconscious (or both), but it is always a course of conduct, not a single event." Domestic abuse—defined as chronic mistreatment in marriage, families, dating and other intimate relationships—can include emotionally abusive behavior.