Methods of dating archaeological sites


Treatments should be fully tested, reviewed, and recorded by professional conservators.A person trained in the theoretical and practical aspects of preventive conservation and in performing treatments to prolong the lives of objects and documents.Actions taken to records deemed to not be current after appraisal.Actions include transfer to a records center for temporary storage, transfer to an archival agency, donation to an eligible repository, reproduction on microfilm, and destruction.



Includes issues of conservation, access and use, and inventory, as well as management of the overall composition of the collection(s) in relation to the repository's mission and goals.Used for compliance with NEPA when an Environmental Impact Statement is not necessary, i.e., there is no significant impact.A detailed statement prepared under compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act, which outlines the environmental impact of actions taken by a federal agency, as well as options for limiting or negating that impact.(3) The physical building/room in which the records are held." (NPS 1996: D60).

"Materials that have been manufactured of inert materials specifically designed to extend the life of artifacts and records by protecting them from agents of deterioration" (Griset and Kodack 196).

Also includes ethnographic objects, historic and prehistoric buildings, structures, sites, and landscapes. As defined under NAGPRA, "an object having ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the American Indian group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual Native American, and which, therefore, cannot be alienated, appropriated, or conveyed by any individual regardless of whether or not the individual is a member of the Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization and such object shall have been considered inalienable by such Native American group at the time the object was separated from such group. General term for any type of scientific analysis that destroys or alters the sample during the process.