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~ was jus bout gittin to de ~ 2O-7~MJ ~II ~ a~ of de ~e ivn when dat bear ~ me. ~1Son~etimes I wishes dat I could be back to de cl place, caze us did ha.b plenty to eat, &flt at hog~kil1in t Ime us had rnor n a olenty. (Photo) I walked up a little pat4bord redwtth small stones, an atmo~sphere of solitude surrounding me. Mornin , white folks, he answered, as he discontinued his spad~ ing and raised his hand. I walked over to where Uncle Nathan was standing and stopped in the little furrows of brown earth. A glance at the interior of his cabin di.eclosed the fact that it was scrupulously neat and quite orderly in arrangement, a characteristic of a great many exuslavee.01e ~1arster kill eight orten set~down hawgs at one time, an1 de meat, an de lard an de hawgjowl an de chi~ lth s ~ I k In see ~ em now. Hit s a hawg what done et so much corn ~ got so fat dat he feets can t bol him up an he jes set on he T~i~n quarters an grunts an eats an eats an grunts, tweli dey ~noc1~ hiu in de head. ~ ~ ~ ~ .~ John Morgan Smith, ~ ~ 1 ~~ ~ ~ Birmingham Alabama. In the sky, large, white cuniulous clouds like great boils of cotton, floated leisurely northward. a ramshackle buckboard disappeared over a slight hill; directly in front the path ran at twenty yards into the dilapidated steps of a Negro cabin, while an old colored man in a vegetable garden to the left to the cabin broke the stillness with the intermitten~metallic sounds of his spade digging into thirsty soil. Already a thick coat of dust had formed on my shoes. My mammy c Ued bout I~ five year atter freedom, but I can remembers dat she had. Ae he sat in the eun~ shine on hie tir~y front porch, hie gx eeting was: NOome in, white folk~. To a negative reply, he explained as he continued, Fo de lae paet twenty..~five years I been keepin right on, WUkkin~ for de city in de atreet department .



If you log in you can store your preference and never be asked again. Ingram, Everett Irwin, Hannah Jackson, Martha Jane Johnson, Hilliard Johnson, Randolph Jones, Abraham Jones, Enirna Jones, Hannah Josephine, Aunt Jurdon, Lucindy Lawrence Kimball, Lucy King, Ellen Leslie, Mandy Lewis, Dellie Lightnin Longslaughter, Billy Abraham Louis, Uncle Me Alpin, Tom Maddox, Anne Mandy Menefee, Frank Morgan, Isaarn Mo rgan Tony 17 20 25 27 33 35 39 42 44 46 48 49 51 55 58 62 66 72 76 78 81 83 87 90 92 95 103 105 109 111 113 117 119 122 123 126 129 133 Mose, Uncle Murphy, Sally Stewart, Theodore Fontaine 356 Strickland, George . Wade 306 Parker, Molly Patton, Lindy Phillips, Simon Pitts, Roxy Pollard, Carrie Poole, Irene Pugh, Nicey Reynolds, Salue 326 Rice, Mary Robinson Cornel la Rogers, Gus (Jabbo) Scott, Janie Shepherd, Maugan Suas, Allen Smith, Frank Smith, John Stanton, Annie 289 294 29? 340 342 345 349 353 Young, George 432 Facing page Frontispiece g 12 15 25 27 35 39 42 46 48 49 51 55 58 66 72 72 78 8 . The old men and wc~nen looked after the children of the slaves ~iile their parents worked In the fields. They then would have a jolly time alone the way, singing and. Uncle Charlie, said, he drove i~ieny a load o~ cotton In the 1ar~e mule wagons from Newton Station to Enterprise Miasissippi When asked if that wasn t a chance to ruii away he replied: Git away, why Madam, those nigger dogs would track you and all you got was a beating. Charlie Is a Baptist, becanie o when he sought the Lord and thinks all people should be religious~. It wae bout sundown, and every tiiae my ax go whack on de lightwood knot, I hear another ~aok ~sidee mine. Den i etarts onoppin ag in I bears de yuther whacke . I jee drap my ax right dar, ~n rae and dat houn dog tore out for home lickety eplit. en I ~ay Maree Jim, somebody eides me le choppin in yo woods, an I an t ~ee h1m~ And Maree JIm, he eay h~ dat ain t nobody but Oie doe. An I eay Yaeeafl, he owe me two bite for helpin ~ shuck corn. ~ .d Joe can jee have e tw O...bit5 what he owe me, cause ~ don t want him follerin rouf atter e. Beside him munching on a fe~7 straggly weeds, a cantankerous mule took little notice of his sur roundings. The Negro stirred slowly, finally ~aising his head, and display ~ ing; three rabbit teeth, he accompanied his an$wer with a slight gesture of his hand. Yassuh, was the drawled response, and the Negro quickly resumed ~ hi~s former posture. Dey did n h~ve a thing to do~ Us house servants h~d a hahd job keepin de pickaninnies out ~ r de dinin rooruwbar oie ~assa et, cause w en dey would slip in and stan by his cheer, w en he finished eatin he would fix e plate for em and let ein set on the hearth~ . -V he neber planted no cotton, and I ain t seen,none pl~nted tefl, 9fter I was free. I J s wish I could tell dese young c1~1llun how to ~o. I was a good looklntyalier gal in dem days ~d rid free wherever I wanted to go. Dey s gone, ~nd de world is gettin w.icked er and wlcked. ~r Lincoln done said we ~ free, but us T~il ni~gers was too skeered to lissen to any ban ~1isic, even iffen the so jers had come to set us free. 165 168 171 174 176 178 181 185 188 190,195 201 211 215 218 220 224 227 231 233 236 238 241 242 244 248 251 255 258 260 263 268 272 275 278 282 286 Aarons, Charlie Abercrornbie Anthony Arr~nond (Arnrriond~), Molly Anderson, Charity Askew, G-us Baker, Torn Barnes, Henry Beauchamp, Nathan Bell, Oliver Birdsong, Nelson Bishop, Ank Bonner, Siney Bowen, Jennie Bradfield, Nannie Bradley, Martha Brown, Allen Brown, Gus Galloway, Walter Casey, Esther King Cha~vian, Amy Cha~nan, Emma Cheatam, Henry Clark, Laura Clayton, Hattie Clemons, ;~adley (Shorty) Colbert William Collins, Tildy Colq.uitt, Sara Cosby, Mandy Mc Cullough Crockett, Emma Cross, Cheney Daniel Matilda Pugh Davis, Carrie Davis, Clara Dillard, George Dullard, Ella Dirt, Rufus Eppes, Katherine Fi tzpatrick Reuben Ford, Hey Wood Frederick, Bert Garlic, Delia Garrett, Angie Garry, Henry 6 Georgia 9 GIbson, Fannie 12 Gill, Frank 15 Gillard, Jim Grandberry, Mary Ella Green, Esther Green, Jake Grigsby, Charity Hayes, Charles Hill, Lizzie Hines, Gabe Hodges, Adeline Holland, Caroline Holloway, Jane Holmes, Joseph Horn, Josh Howard, Emma L. O 374 376 380 381 383 385 309 311 312 316 318 320 323 329 331 334 401 404 407 411 413 423 425 429 33? They cooked in their cabins, but during the busy season in the tields ~heir dinners were sent out to them each slave having his own tin pail n~rked with his na~ Water would be sent out in a barrel mounted on an ox cart. 3 S .260 : Identification No.0149-4366 S~2QQ Federal Writers Project, Diat.2. (Coinp i .e d by Mary A Po oie.) these l8r~e wagons sone tizne~ having four mules to a wagon. When asked about Abrah~n Lincoln, Uncle Charlie thought awh 11e an d a~were d: According to what was issued out in the Bible there was a ~ in~ f or s lave ry pa ople h ad to be puni shed for the ir s in and then there was a time for it not to be, and the Lord. an~ wicked, and dont realize anything like the old folks. Den another time ~ wae In de woods choppin llghtwood. His head rested face downward upon his arms, ~s he had the aspect of one in deep slumber. I laid out all de: elo se on Sat ~dy night, and den &unday mawnin s I d pick up all de dirty things. ~onietinies I weaved six or seven yahds of cloth, ~ ~ ~ - . I larnt the chill~nho~ to weave, and wash, and iron, and knit too, and l s waited o~de fo th generation of our fambly. Gus was telling about the investment of ~ufaula during the ~dar between the States. t(~1pntl Grierson and his men marched right through tovm, Gus ~:ent on ~:rith nis story of his boyhood.Uncle Charlie never saw or heard of his parents or brother end sister again and never knew what became of thexa. Harri s was a pretty rough master, and s iewhat close, kil rations Were wei~ied out and limited. Yas M1~5y, she continued,~ I recoilects dat I ~ bout twelve or~fo teen when de s render come, kaze a little atter dat I ma ied Pastor Ammonds. Atter dey come home furn de Alabama ~ wb AJ fiel s dey ~ so tired dat dey go raght to sleep, except when d~ massa ~ . Chr~strnas ~ de big time; dere --~-- several days to res an make merryin an lote of dem no count ni~ggers got drunk. All my chilluns done c Ued or wandered away an my oie man been dead goi& on twenty ~ears. White ~folks~, she said after a moments deliberation, ~I don t believes I is ~:de pleasure of meetin dein gent mens. In his ~ venty years of hard work he saved enough to buy his home and some ~o~ p~rty which maintains him and his wife since age and infirmity Alabanta 1 (1 T:~~ )~~9 Susie R. Jus about de time I ~its a little rest one of denj n1~ers would caii: Twater ~oy~ Ering dat bucketi~ Den I grab up de bucket an rw~ back out S indehotsun. ~ Cose I was borned a slave, but I don t member much bout lilt, tcaze I was 11 l.

The home of t1~ Harris family was a large two story house and the quarters were the regular log cabins with clay chimneys. CHARLIE J~ARONS ~X~-CLAVE SJ~YS I1~ LOVED YOUNG MARSTER JDHN . Uncle Charlie thinks the present day folks are bad. ~ Weil he said, Marse Jim had bout ~ and he ~N:~ one overseers But he ~got killed down on de bank of de Cree ~ one night. f~nd outvho killed~ him, but k~arse Jim ~1~ ra~5 b lieved. I e leavin ~ flere rlg it flow, cause Old ~oe j~ over dar getti I~ ~imaone too. In the shade ~ of a w llow tree a Negro man was seated with his legs drawn up and his ar~S crossed upon his knees. B~t, thank de Lawd, I Md good white folks ~nd dey sho ~1d trus me, too~ I had charge of ~11 de ~ys to d house~ and I ~&~a1ted on de M1ssi.s ~ and de ohillun. L~skew smiled Lt the thought of the occasion as he sat on the sunny steps of his comfortable house in Eufaula.

We had a mean ~berseer dat always wanted to whup us, but :qassa wouldn~t ~Liow no whuppin . Then I woke up, it was a1nos~ ~rk, an I couldn t hear de slaves a-sln~ln in de fiel s, so I knowed dat dey had pone home. Dem c ab ns was daubed wid cl~Cy, an de chtmbleys wa~ built outten clay 9,fl stick.